The virtual machine location is the Azure region the virtual machine will be created in. The location of the virtual machine also determines the location requirement of the underlying storage, and if specified the virtual network. The virtual network and storage account must reside in the same location as the virtual machine.
The service management API enforces this requirement as well. Attempting to create a virtual machine with the storage account or the virtual network in a remote region will result in an error.
You can use Get-AzureLocation PowerShell cmdlet to identify the available locations and their capabilities.
You can pipe the output to cmdlet to get only location names:
Do note that when new sizes are introduced, they might not
be available immediately in all regions. You can view VirtualMachineRoleSizes and WebWorkerRoleSizes for available role sizes for a particular location. The virtual machine’s location can only be set at creation time and cannot be changed
When creating a virtual machine using the Azure PowerShell cmdlets, use the –Location
parameter of the New-AzureQuickVM or New-AzureVM cmdlets.