Run Azure DevOps Private Agents in Kubernetes Clusters

Since in last post, we discussed on how to run Azure Pipelines agents as docker containers and configure them accordingly, the next step would be to run them on the Kubernetes platform. This kubernetes cluster can be on-premise and/or cloud and could be self managed or managed by the cloud service provider itself.

One of the reasons you may want to run them on Kubernetes is because you want better utilization of your kubernetes cluster. Another reason might be to leverage your existing knowledge of the kubernetes platform and work on it. Another reason would be to not use Microsoft hosted agents, as by default you would get only 1800 minutes of agent time to utilize, for free accounts.
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Configure CI/CD for dockerized apps using VSTS and deploy to AKS

n this blog post, we’ll discuss how to configure CI/CD for dockerized apps using Visual Studio Team Services (VSTS) and deploy to a Linux based kubernetes cluster in Azure Container Services (ACS). For building dockerized app, we’ll use .NET core and build a linux based docker image. Also we’ll be using Azure Container Services to deploy Linux based Kubernetes cluster and Azure Container Registry for providing docker registry.

Deploy Kubernetes cluster on ACS

For this, please refer to this blog post here.

Deploy Azure Container Registry

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Deploy kubernetes cluster on Azure Container Service from Ubuntu based build server

Azure Container Service is an offering from Microsoft which makes it simple to create, configure, and manage a cluster of virtual machines that are preconfigured to run containerized applications.  The following guide is based on steps mentioned in https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/container-service/kubernetes/container-service-kubernetes-walkthrough but deviates a little. First, the guide is based on using Azure Cloud Shell which creates two issues. In my experience, this cloud shell is not ready for prime time usage as you will keep getting issues like authentication failure, for some reason the shell will expire after every 20 mins, etc. Also CI/CD cannot be build on top of the cloud shell.

Most likely scenario would be using a CI/CD tool like Jenkins, VSTS etc. using a custom agent and then you would need to run shell commands for deploying containers. In this blog post, we’ll examine how to prepare a ubuntu based workstation for this and deploy a kubernetes cluster on Azure Container Service.

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Create a kubernetes cluster on CentOS

What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes, or k8s or “kube”, if you’re into brevity, is an open source platform that automates Linux container operations. It eliminates many of the manual processes involved in deploying and scaling containerized applications. In other words, you can cluster together groups of hosts running Linux containers, and Kubernetes helps you easily and efficiently manage those clusters. These clusters can span hosts across public, private, or hybrid clouds.

Kubernetes was originally developed and designed by engineers at Google. Google was one of the early contributors to Linux container technology and has talked publicly about how everything at Google runs in containers. (This is the technology behind Google’s cloud services.)
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